centos7上用nginx安装nextcloud(PHP72)

最近把WordPress博客转到hexo来,并且用的是nginx和centos,而之前的nextcloud搭建在Apache上,所以在把nextcloud搬过来的时候还是遇到了一些麻烦,这里特意记录一下。

环境和需要安装的

centos7
nginx
PHP7.2
nextcloud
mariadb
以及PHP的一些模块

安装nginx和php-fpm

添加EPEL源然后安装nginx:

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yum install epel-release
yum install nginx

安装php-fpm和nextcloud的一些依赖:

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$ rpm -ivh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
$ rpm -ivh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
$ yum install -y epel-release yum-utils unzip curl wget bash-completion policycoreutils-python mlocate bzip2
$ yum install php72w-fpm php72w-pecl-apcu-devel php72w-json php72w-pecl-apcu php72w-gd php72w-mcrypt php72w-cli php72w-pear php72w-xml php72w-mbstring php72w-pdo php72w php72w-cli php72w-common php72w-curl php72w-gd \
php72w-mbstring php72w-mysqlnd php72w-process php72w-xml php72w-zip \
php72w-opcache php72w-pecl-apcu php72w-intl php72w-pecl-redis php72w-pecl-imagick

检查一下php是否安装成功和查看版本:

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php -v

配置php-fpm

编辑

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/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

找到user和group这两行,修改为如下:

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user = nginx
group = nginx

再找到下面这行,并确认为如下:

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listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

然后再取消下面几行的注释,去掉前面的;即可:

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env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME
env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
env[TMP] = /tmp
env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
env[TEMP] = /tmp

保存并推出
创建一个新的目录并将权限给nginx:

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# mkdir -p /var/lib/php/session
# chown nginx:nginx -R /var/lib/php/session/

开启nginx服务和php-fpm

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# systemctl start php-fpm
# systemctl start nginx
# systemctl enable php-fpm
# systemctl enable nginx

安装和配置mariadb

安装mariadb:

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# yum -y install mariadb-server mariadb
# systemctl start mariadb
# systemctl enable mariadb

然后运行

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# mysql_secure_installation

默认密码为空,所以先直接回车会有如下结果:

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Set root password? [Y/n]                //是否设root密码
New password: //新密码
Re-enter new password: //确认密码
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] //是否禁止root远程登录
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]

以上几个选择根据自己需要选择。配置完密码后,执行下面的进入mariadb:

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# mysql -u root -p

依次执行下面的:

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mysql> CREATE DATABASE my_nextclouddb;
mysql> CREATE USER ncuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'ncuser@';
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON my_nextclouddb.* TO ncuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'ncuser@';
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
mysql> EXIT;

其中my_nextclouddb为新建的数据库名,ncuser为新建的数据库名,ncuser@为新建用户名密码,根据自己的需要更改。

ssl证书

由于nextcloud访问默认使用https,所以未配置ssl证书时,使用chrome等浏览器会出现无法打开的情况,配置ssl证书可以在安装完nextcloud后在用Let’s encript 来安装,具体配置可以参考我的另一篇在centos上用Let's enctipt 加密nginx环境

安装nextcloud

到nextcloud官网下载好压缩包,解压得到nextcloud文件夹,将文件夹放到/usr/share/nginx/html/下
执行:

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# mkdir -p /usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/data/
# chown nginx:nginx -R /usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud

新建一个nginx的配置文件,用来指向nextcloud:

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vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/nextcloud.conf

添加以下内容:

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upstream php-handler {
server 127.0.0.1:9000;
#server unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
}

server {
listen 80;
server_name storage.mydomain.com;
# enforce https
return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

server {
listen 443 ssl;
server_name storage.mydomain.com;

#ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/cert/nextcloud.crt;
#ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/cert/nextcloud.key;

# Add headers to serve security related headers
# Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into this
# topic first.
add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;
includeSubDomains; preload;";
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;

# Path to the root of your installation
root /usr/share/nginx/html/nextcloud/;

location = /robots.txt {
allow all;
log_not_found off;
access_log off;
}

# The following 2 rules are only needed for the user_webfinger app.
# Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
#rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;
#rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json
# last;

location = /.well-known/carddav {
return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
}
location = /.well-known/caldav {
return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
}

# set max upload size
client_max_body_size 512M;
fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

# Disable gzip to avoid the removal of the ETag header
gzip off;

# Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
# This module is currently not supported.
#pagespeed off;

error_page 403 /core/templates/403.php;
error_page 404 /core/templates/404.php;

location / {
rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;
}

location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
deny all;
}
location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
deny all;
}

location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+|core/templates/40[34])\.php(?:$|/) {
include fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
#Avoid sending the security headers twice
fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
fastcgi_pass php-handler;
fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
fastcgi_request_buffering off;
}

location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
try_files $uri/ =404;
index index.php;
}

# Adding the cache control header for js and css files
# Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
location ~* \.(?:css|js)$ {
try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=7200";
# Add headers to serve security related headers (It is intended to
# have those duplicated to the ones above)
# Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into
# this topic first.
add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;
includeSubDomains; preload;";
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
# Optional: Don't log access to assets
access_log off;
}

location ~* \.(?:svg|gif|png|html|ttf|woff|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
# Optional: Don't log access to other assets
access_log off;
}
}

再重启nginx:

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systemctl restart nginx

然后再去配置ssl证书即可完成nextcloud的安装。